LCM

# How To Find LCM of 3 and 5? | Listing, Division, and Prime Factorization Method

Written by Prerit Jain

Updated on: 18 Feb 2023

Contents

### How To Find LCM of 3 and 5? | Listing, Division, and Prime Factorization Method

LCM of 3 and 5 is 15. LCM of 3 and 5, also known as the Least Common Multiple or Lowest Common Multiple of 3 and 5 is the lowest possible common number that is divisible by 3 and 5.

Now, let’s see how to find the LCM of 3 and 5. Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36,…and multiples of 5 are 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45,…Here, both 15 and 30 are the common numbers in the multiples of 3 and 5, respectively, or that are divisible by 3 and 5. But, when you have to find the LCM, you must focus on the lowest common number. So, 15 is the lowest common number among all the multiples that is divisible by 3 and 5, and hence the LCM of 3 and 5 is 15.

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## Methods to Find the LCM of 3 and 5

There are three different methods for finding the LCM of 3 and 5. They are:

1. Listing Method

2. Division Method

3. Prime Factorization Method

## LCM of 3 and 5 Using the Listing Method

The listing method is one of the methods for finding the LCM. To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the listing method, follow the following steps:

**Step 1:**Write down the first few multiples of 3 and 5 separately.**Step 2:**Out of all the multiples of 3 and 5 focus on the multiples that are common to both the numbers, that is, 3 and 5.**Step 3:**Now, out of all the common multiples, take out the smallest common multiple. That will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

LCM of 3 and 5 can be obtained using the listing method as

- Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36,…
- Multiples of 5 are 5 are 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45,…

Here, it is clear that the least common multiple is 15. So, the LCM of 3 and 5 is 15.

## LCM of 3 and 5 Using the Division Method

The division method is one of the methods for finding the LCM. To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the division method, divide 3 and 5 by the smallest prime number, which is divisible by any of them. Then, the prime factors further obtained will be used to calculate the final LCM of 3 and 5.

Follow the following steps to find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the division method:

**Step 1:**Write the numbers for which you have to find the LCM, that is 3 and 5 in this case, separated by commas.**Step 2:**Now, find the smallest prime number which is divisible by either 3 or 5.**Step 3:**If any of the numbers between 3 and 5 is not divisible by the respective prime number, write that number in the next row just below it and proceed further.**Step 4:**Continue dividing the numbers obtained after each step by the prime numbers, until you get the result as 1 in the entire row.**Step 5:**Now, multiply all the prime numbers and the final result will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

LCM of 3 and 5 can be obtained using the division method as:

Prime Factors | First Number | Second Number |

3 | 3 | 5 |

5 | 1 | 5 |

1 | 1 |

So, the LCM of 3 and 5 = 3 * 5 = 1

## LCM of 3 and 5 Using the Prime Factorization Method

The prime factorization method is one of the methods for finding the LCM. To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the prime factorization method, follow the following steps:

**Step 1:**Find the prime factors of 3 and 5 using the repeated division method.**Step 2:**Write all the prime factors in their exponent forms. Then multiply the prime factors having the highest power.**Step 3:**The final result after multiplication will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

LCM of 3 and 5 can be obtained using the prime factorization method as

- Prime factorization of 3 can be expressed as 3 = 3
^{1} - Prime factorization of 5 can be expressed as 5 = 5
^{1}

So, the LCM of 3 and 5 = 3^{1 }* 5^{1}= 3 * 5 = 15

## What Is the Formula for Finding the LCM of 3 and 5?

LCM of 3 and 5 can be calculated using the formula:

LCM (3, 5) = (3 * 5) / HCF (3, 5),

where HCF is the highest common factor or the greatest common divisor of 3 and 5.

Another formula, using which the LCM of 3 and 5 can be found:

3 * 5 = LCM (3, 5) * HCF (3, 5), that is,

The product of 3 and 5 is equal to the product of its LCM and HCF.

## Problems Based on LCM of 3 and 5

**Question 1: What are the other two numbers having the LCM as 15? Show the representation using the listing method.Solution:**

Other than 3 and 5, LCM of 1 and 15 is also 15. We will prove this using the listing method.

To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the listing method, first, we will write down the first few multiples of 3 and 5 separately. Out of all the multiples of 3 and 5, we will focus on the multiples which are common to both numbers.

Then, out of all the common multiples, we will take out the smallest common multiple. That will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

- Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36,…
- Multiples of 5 are 5 are 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45,…

Here, it is clear that the least common multiple is 15. So, the LCM of 3 and 5 is 15.

Now, to find the LCM of 1 and 15 using the listing method, first, we will write down the first few multiples of 1 and 15 separately. Out of all the multiples of 1 and 15, we will focus on the multiples which are common to both numbers.

Then, out of all the common multiples, we will take out the smallest common multiple. That will be the LCM of 1 and 15.

- Multiples of 1 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18,…
- Multiples of 15 are 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90,…

Here, it is clear that the least common multiple is 15. So, the LCM of 1 and 15 is 15.

**Question 2: Find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the prime factorization method.Solution:**

To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the prime factorization method, first, we will find the prime factors of 3 and 5 using the repeated division method. Then, we will write all the prime factors in their exponent forms and multiply the prime factors having the highest power. The final result after multiplication will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

- Prime factorization of 3 can be expressed as 3 = 3
^{1} - Prime factorization of 5 can be expressed as 3 = 5
^{1}

So, the LCM of 3 and 5 = 3^{1 }* 5^{1}= 3 * 5 = 15

**Question 3: What is the least perfect square divisible by 3 and 5?Solution:**

The least number divisible by 3 and 5 is the LCM of 3 and 5, that is, 15.

Using prime factorization, we can expand and write the LCM of 3 and 5 as 3 * 5.

Here, we don’t get complete pairs of all numbers, so to make the pairs complete, we will multiply 3 and 5 with them.

Hence, the least perfect square divisible by 3 and 5 is

LCM(3, 5) * 3 * 5 = 3 * 5 * 3 * 5 = 225

**Question 4: If the LCM of two numbers is 15, HCF is 1, and one of the numbers is 3. Find the other number.Solution:**

As we know,

product of two numbers = LCM * HCF

It is given that,

one of the numbers = 3, LCM = 15, and HCF = 1

Let the other number be x.

So, 3 * x = 15 * 1

x = (15 * 1) / 3

x = 15 / 3

x = 5

Hence, the other number is 5.

**Question 5: Find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the division method.Solution:**

To find the LCM of 3 and 5 using the division method, first, we will find the smallest prime number which is divisible by either 3 or 5. If any of the numbers between 3 and 5 is not divisible by the respective prime number, we will write that number in the next row just below it and proceed further. We will continue dividing the numbers obtained after each step by the prime numbers until we get the result as 1 in the entire row. We will multiply all the prime numbers and the final result will be the LCM of 3 and 5.

Prime Factors | First Number | Second Number |

3 | 3 | 5 |

5 | 1 | 5 |

1 | 1 |

So, the LCM of 3 and 5 = 3 * 5 = 15

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## Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**Is 30 also considered as the LCM of 3 and 5?**

No, 30 is not considered as the LCM of 3 and 5. 30 is a common multiple of 3 and 5. But, it is not the least common number which is divisible by 3 and 5, and while finding the LCM, you must focus on the lowest common number. So, 15 is the lowest common number divisible by 3 and 5.

**What are the methods to find the LCM of 3 and 5?**

There are 3 major methods for finding the LCM of 3 and 5:

1. Listing Method

2. Division Method

3. Prime Factorization Method

**Are the LCM of 3 and 5 the same as the LCM of 1, 3, and 5?**

LCM of 3 and 5 is 15 and LCM of 1, 3, and 5 is also 15. So, the LCM of 3 and 5 are the same as the LCM of 1, 3, and 5.

**What is the LCM of 3 and 5?**

LCM of 3 and 5 is 15.

**Are LCM and HCF of 3 and 5 the same?**

LCM of 3 and 5 is 15 and HCF of 3 and 5 is 1. So, LCM and HCF of 3 and 5 are not the same.

We hope you understand all the basics of how to find the LCM of 3 and 5.

Written by by

Prerit Jain