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How to Learn Java in 2024? [6 Easy Ways to Learn Java]

Written by Swarnim Sinha

Updated on: 16 Jul 2024

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Java is currently one of the most demanded languages in the IT Sector. On starting your programming quest, a lot of questions would pop in your head like how to learn Java? What resources are available for a novice? How do we master Java and how long would it take?

In this blog, we explore the vast inventory of Java learning resources available all across the Internet and strategies to implement to learn Java quickly.

About Java

Java is currently one of the top preferred programming languages. Its scalability, platform independency, and multithreading make it one of the most demanded robust programming languages in the IT Industry.

Developed in 1995 by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems’ Java was initially called Oak, and later acquired by Oracle Corporation.

Java skills are required in many significant domains of Technology – Cloud Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Game Development, Data Science, etc.

A high-level, Object-Oriented Programming Language Java is known for its platform independency running seamlessly on any platform without the need for recompilation. Java is considered architecture-neutral as it is independent of the system architecture. 

Inheritance and polymorphism contribute significantly to Java’s feature of code reusability. A function, once written, can be called multiple times over and over again, speeding up the programming procedure.

For anyone with prior knowledge of C++, the transition to Java will be smooth and undemanding.

Why should you Learn Java?

Java is an Object Oriented Programming Language where classes are created to define the structure of objects. The key features of Java that make it stand out in the 2024 market are:

1. Object Oriented Programming Language

The basic concepts of OOPs are:

Inheritance – Inheritance in Java is a mechanism in which a subclass/child class inherits the properties (variables, functions, and methods) of the superclass/parent class.  

Its main target is the hierarchical organization of functions and code reusability.

Polymorphism – Polymorphism in Java is a mechanism that allows objects of different classes to be used as objects of common classes.

Its main objective is code reusability.

Abstraction – Abstraction in Java is a mechanism that shows only the key details of the object and hides the rest. 

Its main target is to attain security. 

Encapsulation – Encapsulation in Java is a mechanism that clubs variables and functions together into one single unit. 

Its main target is to prevent unwanted modifications to the code.

2. Platform Independent

Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) makes Java more advanced than other programming languages in the market.

The ability to run on any system irrespective of the underlying architectural system contributes to Java’s portability and widespread adoption.

You can also go through our blog, which explains Why you should learn Java in 2024.

How to Learn Java: 6 Best ways to learn Java for beginners

The first step to learning Java programming is to choose the right source.

With a plethora of methodologies available all across the internet, settling on one source can be challenging.

Here we have curated a list of all the learning sources for Java:

  1. Java Tutoring Services
  2. Java Courses
  3. Java Bootcamps
  4. Java Certifications
  5. LinkedIn Learning
  6. YouTube Channels

 #1 Java tutoring services 

Complex logic applied in programs often requires external help. Conceptual clarity plays an important role in the path to becoming an efficient coder.

Choosing the right tutor before you kickstart your journey is essential. Some of the Java tutoring services that have been in high demand recently are listed below:


how to learn java #1 - Wiingy

Wiingy is an online 1-on-1 tutoring service. The lessons start at $28 per hour which is quite affordable. Wiingy caters to all needs, be it students from Elementary, Middle, High, College, or Adults. Wiingy does not ask you to commit to any long-term subscription plan. You are only required to pay for the sessions that you take.

Key Specs:

  • Format: Online 1-on-1 tutoring
  • Ages: Elementary School, Middle School, High School, College and Adults
  • Pricing: Lessons start at $28 per hour


how to learn java #2 - Wyzant

Wyzant is an online/offline tutoring service based in Chicago, Illinois. Wyzant connects school and college students with experts. Wyzant can provide in-person tuition if the tutor is available within a certain range limit. The fee charged can range from $20 per hour and can go up to $500 per hour. Wyzant provides the students with an option to attempt a test, to identify their weak points, and then work on them along with the tutor’s assistance.

Key Specs:

  • Format: Online 1-on-1 tutoring, In-person tutoring
  • Ages: School and College Students
  • Pricing: Tutors set their prices. It can vary from just $20 per hour and can go up to $500 per hour.

Varsity Tutors

how to learn java #3 - Varsity Tutors

Varsity Tutors is a 1-on-1 online tutoring platform based in St. Louis, MO. Varsity Tutors provides a 24/7 AI Tutor for instant doubt clearing. You can also get your essay reviewed by experts. Along with providing face-to-face online tutoring services, it also provides you with assessment and practice worksheets for a better understanding of various Java concepts. The fee is decided by the tutor you’ve signed up for and usually ranges from $81/hr to $99/hr. 

Key Specs:

  • Format: 1-on-1 online
  • Ages: School students and College students
  • Pricing: The average price range is $81/hr to $99/hr.

For a comprehensive list of the best Java Tutoring Services, be sure to check out our blog!

#2 Courses to learn Java

To land a job in the Java Job Market it is essential to have done a course and certification to have solid proof for your resume. Java Courses are one of the top solutions for learning Java online. The top Java courses in 2024 to enhance your learning and resume are listed below:

[Coursera] Object-oriented Programming in Java Specialization

how to learn java #4 - Coursera

Coursera provides you with an opportunity to earn a career certificate from the University of California San Diego. The 4 series online Java course is designed for developers who are looking to elevate their skills. This course would familiarize you with two Java environments BlueJ and Eclipse. 

Key Specs:

  • Certificate: Yes
  • Level: Beginner
  • Free or Paid: Paid
  • Duration: 150 hours

[Udemy] Java 17 Masterclass

how to learn java #5 - Udemy

Udemy provides over 100 hours of content divided into 45 sections for learning Java 17. The course automatically adapts itself to the new features of Java introduced in the market. It is designed for beginners and self-taught coders looking to deepen their expertise in the programming language.

Key Specs:

  • Certificate: Yes
  • Level: Beginner
  • Free or Paid: Paid
  • Duration: 137 hours

[Educative] Learn Java from Scratch

how to learn java #6 - Educative

The course is built exclusively for beginners. Starting with the basics, it gradually builds up the complexity. Once the learner gets the crux of the subject, the learned theoretical concepts are applied to different projects. Educative provides the learners with a live coding environment where the learner can code along with the instructor.  

Key Specs:

  • Certificate: Yes
  • Level: Beginner
  • Free or Paid: Paid (Free to audit)
  • Duration: 12 hours

#3 Bootcamps for Java

An accelerated, targeted training would do wonders for people looking to learn Java online. Bootcamps help you to learn Java in a sped-up way especially if you are looking to transition from your career background. It is a budget-friendly alternative and the curriculum satisfies the continuous technological advancements in the field. 

Here is a list of the top preferred Bootcamps to learn Java in 2024:

Devmountain Java Software Engineering Course ($9.900)Provides time-to-time scholarships and loans up to the full tuition fee.
Coder Campus Full Stack Java Bootcamp ($12,500)Leading bootcamp for earning a job, helps students with resume and portfolio building.
Tech Academy Java and Android Developer Bootcamp ($7,000)Includes a project which ultimately gives hands-on experience, and financing options available. 
Top Java Bootcamps

Devmountain Java Software Engineering Course

Established in 2013, Devmountain is currently a part of Strayer University. The 16-week course aims to prepare you for entry-level Software Engineer positions helping the individual specialize in Java and tools like SQL, Spring Boot, and GitHub. 

Key Specs:

  • Program Duration: 16 Weeks 
  • Tuition Cost:  $9.900

Coder Campus Full Stack Java Bootcamp

Their curriculum is based on the field experience of coders. It prepares you to enter as a junior developer in the tech field. The boot camp provides learners with challenging coding assignments every Monday, code reviews every Wednesday, and live weekly office hours. They also assist their students with resume and portfolio building. 

Coder Campus guarantees a job offer within 6 months of graduating from the Bootcamp.

Key Specs:

  • Program Duration: 9 months Part-Time
  • Tuition Cost:  $12,500

Tech Academy Java and Android Developer Bootcamp

Tech Academy Java and Android Developer a self-paced Bootcamp does not require a technical background to enroll. Learners are free to move at their own pace and follow their schedule. They are free to enroll at any time of the year. The bootcamp also provides job placement training to their graduates. 

Key Specs:

  • Program Duration: 28 weeks
  • Tuition Cost: $7,000 full price

For a comprehensive list of the Best Java Bootcamps, be sure to check out our blog!

#4 Certifications for Java

Certifications are bona fide proof of your knowledge of the subject. It is essential even for an experienced developer to have certifications to secure a job. Apart from providing official proof, these certifications test your knowledge and make you aware of your strengths and weaknesses.

Some of the most popular certifications in Java are listed below:

  1. Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer OCAJP
  2. Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer OCPJP
  3. Java 17 Masterclass: Start Coding in 2024

Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer OCAJP

Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer helps you with a core understanding of the fundamentals of Java.

This is the first component of a two-part Java SE 8 Training and Certification program. It provides the learners with 18+ hours of expert training.

To be a proficient Java Engineer you need to pass both the Java SE Programmer I exams (1Z0-808) i.e., Java SE 8 Programmer I and Java SE 8 Programmer II.

Key Specs:

  • Price: $245
  • Time Duration: 150 minutes 
  • Number of Questions: 77 
  • Passing Score: 65% (50 out of 77)

Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer OCPJP

Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer establishes that you have a profound understanding of the Java Programming Language.

This is the second component of a two-part Java SE 8 Training and Certification program. It provides the learners with 33+ hours of expert training. The course covers topics like:

  • Advanced Java Class Design  
  • Collections and Genetics
  • Java Stream API 
  • Assertions  
  • Exceptions
  • Lambda Built-in Functional Interfaces I  
  • Java I/O Fundamentals  
  • Java Concurrency 
  • Building Database A

Key Specs:

  • Price: $245
  • Time Duration: 150 minutes 
  • Number of Questions: 85
  • Passing Score: 65% (55 out of 85)

Java 17 Masterclass: Start Coding in 2024

Java 17 Masterclass is one of Udemy’s top seller courses that provides the learner with in-depth knowledge of topics like:

  • Control Flow
  • Expressions
  • Statements
  • Arrays
  • Concurrency
  • Debugging 

The course includes 137.5 hours of on-demand video, around 50 Java coding exercises, and 359 downloadable resources. The course is structured in a way for the learner to learn at their own pace. The course teaches Java 17 as the aim point but as the versions enhance, the course adapts itself to the Technological breakthroughs.

Key Specs:

  • Price: $10
  • Time Duration: 180 minutes 
  • Number of Questions: 85
  • Passing Score: Pass

For a comprehensive list of the Best Certifications for Java be sure to check out our blog!

#5 LinkedIn Learning

LinkedIn Learning is an impactful way of learning Java and making your resume competent at the same time. 

The courses can be accessed on phones or tablets and can be showcased on your LinkedIn profile under the “License and Certificates” section. This adds credibility to your skills and improves the prospects of your profile being noticed.

Some of the popular LinkedIn courses for Java are:

  1. Java’s Toughest Bugs
  2. Learning Java 11
  3. Java: Switch Statements
  4. Learning Java 17

Java’s Toughest Bugs

how to learn java #7 - Java's Toughest Bugs

Troubleshooting often bothers programmers at the early stages of coding. Kathryn Hodge’s Java tutorial introduces learners to various bug detection techniques and essential debugging fundamentals.

The course deals with bugs like null pointer exceptions, endless loops, and thread-related issues, and helps learners build up the knowledge and skills to address them.

Key Specs:

  • Topic: Debugging
  • Duration: 1h 2m
  • Level: Advanced
  • Review: 4.9/5
  • Instructor: Kathryn Hodge

Java: Switch Statements

how to learn Java #8 - Java: Switch statements

In Java, switch statements are used to avoid many if-else statements as that would induce confusion in the Java code. Maaike’s Java tutorial starts with the basics of a switch statement- the strategy of the statement and the variations in the syntax since Java 8 and Java 11.  

Maaike also handles pattern matching, a preview feature in Java 17 that provides more flexibility when defining conditions for switch cases.

Key Specs:

  • Topic: Switch Statement
  • Duration: 40m 31s
  • Level: Advanced
  • Review: 4.8/5

Learning Java 11

Kathryn Hodge addresses basic concepts like Data types, Strings, Functions, and Loops which help the coders control the flow and logic of the code and also debug it.

She provides the learners with 6 chapter quizzes to practice their newly acquired skills. The course is a comprehensive guide for Java beginners as it addresses all the basic concepts.

Foundational elements covered in this course include:

  • Basic Elements of Java (Introduction)
  • Control Flow
  • Debugging 
  • Java Functions
  • Java Classes

Key Specs:

  • Topic: Core concepts of Java
  • Duration: 2h 43m
  • Level: Beginner
  • Review: 4.7/5
  • Instructor: Kathryn Hodge

Learning Java 17

how to learn java #10 - Learning Java 17

Learning Java 17 addresses Java’s more advanced features, helping you expand your programming skills.

The course would equip you with Java programming techniques that can be used to build applications- web, mobile, and desktop. Bethan largely deals with Collections Framework, Functional Programming, I/O, working with files and directories, and structuring web applications using the modular system available in Java.

Key Specs:

  • Topic: Core concepts of Java
  • Duration: 2h 16 min
  • Level: Beginner
  • Review: 4.7/5
  • Instructor: Kathryn Hodge

#6 YouTube channels for learning Java

Choosing the right YouTube channel for a layman starting their journey with Java can be baffling, as there are plenty of resources available all across the internet. YouTube channels help learners save money, time, and energy which would help them employ their resources more efficiently for a brighter future. 

An overview of the top 3 YouTube channels to learn Java:

YouTube channelLevelDescription
SimplilearnBeginnerSimplilearn is known for its affordable education. A program that would cost a hefty amount on campus is made available to individuals at one fraction of that amount that too virtually!
Caleb CurryBeginnerIt covers fundamental topics like Method Overloading, Constructors, Method Overriding, Static Data Members, and Polymorphism in detail which give the correct kickstart to programmers.
Java BrainsAdvancedThe instructor offers a Free All Access Pass to his extensive Java course for students and learners currently facing unemployment. If there are any constraints on your learning due to a financial crisis, you can reach out to him through the support menu and register for a free account.
Top 3 YouTube Channels


how to learn java #11 - Simplilearn

Simplilearn is an online platform based in San Francisco, California, and Bangalore. The reason behind having their headquarters in these cities is because of the high demand for tech workers here.
They have courses on a variety of programming languages, to name a few:

  • Java.
  • C#.
  • TypeScript.
  • Python.

As the demand for coders increases they happen to counter it by increasing the supply.

About the channel:

  • Joined: Oct 29, 2009
  • Views: 353,372,474 views
  • Subscribers Count: 3.96M subscribers 
  • User Engagement and Reviews: Simplilearn has over 3,000,000 professionals and offers over 400 courses with 40 plus global accreditations. 
  • Average Duration of Videos: Tutorials: 1-2 hrs.
  • Teaching Style: Live instructions from leading experts, interactive labs & projects, peer-to-peer collaboration, on-demand lessons, and 24/7 learning support. 
  • Language: English

Caleb Curry

how to learn java #12 - Caleb Curry

Caleb Curry has high-quality tutorials that are fun, educational, and easy to follow.  

Caleb Curry is known for making complex material easy to understand. His videos impart in-depth knowledge of programming languages like C++, JavaScript, C, Database Design, SQL, and more. 

About the channel:

  • Joined: Aug 19, 2009
  • Views: 46,772,089 views 
  • Subscribers Count: 585K subscribers 
  • Consistency of Updates: Weekly 1 video.
  • Total Number of Videos: 1,706 videos 
  • Average Duration of Videos: 10 minutes 
  • Interactive Elements: Live coding sessions.
  • Language: English

Java Brains

how to learn java #13 - javabrains

Java Brains focuses primarily on Java and JavaScript, helping the learner to go from being a novice to a full-fledged Developer.

The channel is managed by an experienced instructor who is proficient in  Java and JavaScript technologies. 

The course also comes with hands-on assignments that will help you apply the logic of a code in various forms, thus enabling you to gain confidence.

   About the channel:

  • Joined: May 30, 2007 
  • Views: 129,712,434 views 
  • Subscribers Count: 651K subscribers 
  • Total Number of Videos: 1,666 videos 
  • Playlist: 85 videos
  •  Average Duration of Videos: 15 minutes 
  • Interactive Elements: Screen sharing
  •  Language: English

For a comprehensive list of the Best YouTube Channels to learn Java be sure to check out our blog!

How to learn Java fast

1. Start with the fundamentals of Java

Familiarizing yourself with concepts like Variable Declaration, Function Overloading, Method Overriding, Constructor Overloading and basic concepts of OOPS is the right kickoff for your Java learning journey. 

Basic Java Programs which would strengthen your foundation of Java include: 

  1. Write a Java program to display a sentence, store integers, characters, and strings, and display them.
  2. Write a Java program to solve easy mathematical problems without using any inbuilt functions.
  3. Write a Java program to check a boolean condition using conditional statements.
  4. Write a Java program to create a function, call it, and create an object for the same.

Once these concepts are clear, move to Arrays. Perform elementary operations like Searching, Sorting, Deleting, and Insertion.

Once thorough with these concepts beginners can move to Recursion, Stacks, Queues, and Binary Trees for a higher level of complexity.

2. Make flowcharts to understand the concept

A flowchart would help you give a visual representation of the flow of your thoughts while writing a code. 

While debugging it is easy to check for errors in a flowchart.

3. Write code regularly. This will help with learning the syntax.

Learning the syntaxes is the elementary step for writing Java code. Each keyword used in the syntax has a predefined meaning and it is essential to understand the technicality behind it. 

Writing the syntax time and again would ingrain them in muscle memory over time. 

4. Dry run a code

To understand the logic of a code it is essential to walk through the code before you compile it. This would help detect logical errors, if any, the values that the variables take at different stages and contribute to the learner’s critical thinking ability and coding skills.

5. Debugging a code

Debugging helps drastically improve coding skills as it assists the programmer in understanding when and where an error can arise. The error can be Syntaxial, Run time, or Logical.

Isolating complex sections of the code and walking through them gives you a clearer idea of the logic behind it.

6. Work on small projects

Working on mini projects like building a calculator, a sudoku game, or a networking app would help you get deeper into the subject, explore more alternatives, and learn new concepts.

7. Work On Unstructured Projects

Working on unstructured projects that require you to code from scratch without any architectural base would help you realize where you stand in the realm of coding, areas you need to work on, and concepts that are yet to be tackled. 

8. Engage With Experts

Interacting with experienced programmers about their Java learning journey would make novices gain confidence. You feel a sense of belonging in your struggling arc.

Experience is the best teacher. Sharing perspectives, ideologies, and learning techniques would help you boost your journey.

9. Teach Beginners To Remain Thorough With The Concepts

One effective way to enhance your Java knowledge and to have a deeper insight into the older concepts is to teach novices. 

Along with brushing up on your Java concepts, you will be in touch with what the market has to offer currently in the domain of Programming Language. 


Choosing one source among the plethora of Java resources available can be confusing for beginners. Researching before starting to study is essential. Staying updated with the current trends would help individuals understand the needs of the market and what measures they need to take while studying to tackle the need.

Research about what method of teaching aligns with your method of learning. For in-depth knowledge, it is essential learners opt for tutoring as their choice as that would help them clear their fundamentals which are needed later for mastering the language. For self-study, learners can opt for a course that would help them have recorded videos available. Any doubt arising can be dealt with by the tutor.

Useful Java Resources

Best Java Projects
Best Java Bootcamps
Best Java Certifications

Additional Resources

How to Learn Python
How to Learn SQL
How to Learn C++
How to Learn JavaScript

How to Learn Coding

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I learn Java easily?

Here are some easy tips for learning Java language easily:
1. Practice coding regularly.
2. Start with writing a simple program, and with time, attempt coding challenges to see your progress.
3. Follow online courses or bootcamps.
4. To master Java, understand the programming logic/design patterns behind the program.
5. Familiarize yourself with the Java runtime environment.
6. Be a part of active Java user groups, which would refine your Java-related knowledge.

How long does it take to learn Java?

Learning Java usually takes up to 9 months. The learning process varies from person to person and entirely depends upon the amount of time invested, the study material available and the guidance provided to learners. For novices, it might take a few months to weeks to learn Java. For the intermediate level, it might take 5-6 months to get a stronghold of the language.

How to learn Java for free? 

Free Java courses are available all across the internet. Some of the free online courses to help you start learning Java are listed below:
Java Tutorial for Complete Beginners: 4.5/5
Java Database Connection: JDBC and MySQL: 4.5/5 (All Levels)
Java Multithreading: 4.6/5 (All Levels)
Java Programming Basics: 4.3/5 (Beginner)
Eclipse IDE for Beginners: Increase Your Java Productivity: 4.5/5 (Beginner)
YouTube is also an effective way to start learning Java for free. Youtubers like Caleb Curry have curated extensive playlists for Java learners for free.

What to know before learning Java?

You need to have basic coding skills, and knowledge about variables, datatypes, and data structures to grasp Java concepts quickly. Question yourself why do you need to learn the language? What purpose does the language serve? Research well before you embark on your Java Journey. Study what your interests align with, then go ahead.

Can I self-learn Java Programming?

It is possible to learn Java Programming yourself. Have faith in yourself and do not let anyone pull you down. Refer to the Java courses, bootcamps, and YouTube channels mentioned in this article to learn concepts. Attempt coding challenges to analyze your progress. The process to learn the language can be challenging but it will help you build up yourself from scratch.

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Swarnim Sinha

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